Journal Information
Letter to the Editor
DOI: 10.1016/j.nefroe.2020.11.012
Open Access
Available online 29 May 2021
Kidneys also speak Spanish
Los riñones también hablan español
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Jordi Bovera,
,1
, Ricardo Boschb,c, Pablo Ureñad, Pedro Trinidade, Aquiles Jaraf, José Luis Górrizg,1, Mónica Furlanoa,h, Ramón A. García-Trabaninoi, Rosana Gelpia,j, Alberto Ortizk, César A. Restrepol, Maya Sánchez-Bayaa,m, Carolt Aranaa,n, Marián Goicoecheao,1, Verónica Colla,p, Julián Seguraq,1, Orlando Gutiérrezr, Emilio Sánchezs, Alejandro Ferreirot, Rafael García-Masetu,1
a Servicio de Nefrología, Fundació Puigvert, IIB Sant Pau, Universitat Autònoma, Barcelona, Spain
b Graduado en la Universidad Nacional de la Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina
c Departamento de Biología de Sistemas, Unidad de Fisiología, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Alcalá, Alcalá de Henares, Madrid, Spain
d Graduado en la Pontificia Universidad Católica Madre y Maestra, Santiago de los Caballeros, República Dominicana, AURA Nord Saint Ouen, Saint Ouen, Francia, Department of Renal Physiology, Necker Hospital, University of Paris Descartes, Paris, France
e Departamento de Nefrología, HECMN siglo XXI, IMSS, Ciudad de México, Mexico
f Departamento de Nefrología, Facultad de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile
g Servicio de Nefrología, Hospital Clínico Universitario, INCLIVA, Universidad de Valencia, Valencia, Spain
h Graduada en la Universidad Nacional de Rosario, Rosario, Argentina
i Centro de Hemodiálisis, San Salvador, El Salvador
j Graduada en la Universidad de la República, Montevideo, Uruguay
k Servicio de Nefrología e Hipertensión, IIS-Fundación Jiménez Díaz-UAM, Madrid, Spain
l Servicio de Nefrología, Hospital de Caldas, Universidad de Caldas, Manizales, Colombia
m Graduada en la Universidad Mayor de San Simón, Cochabamba, Bolivia
n Graduada en la Universidad Privada Antenor Orrego, Trujillo, Peru
o Servicio de Nefrología, Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón, Madrid, Spain
p Graduada en la Universidad Central de Venezuela, Caracas, Venezuela
q Servicio de Nefrología, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Madrid, Spain
r Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, United States
s Servicio de Nefrología, Hospital Universitario de Cabueñes, Gijón, Asturias, Spain
t Centro de Nefrología, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de la República, Montevideo, Uruguay
u Servicio de Nefrología, Hospital de Manises, Manises, Valencia, Spain
Received 29 October 2020
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Dear Editor,

Recently, the conclusions of a Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) consensus conference were published.3 The main objective of the conference was to standardise nephrology nomenclature for scientific articles written in English, guided by the essential principle of improving understanding on the part of (English-speaking) patients.3,4 From a Spanish-speaking point of view, it is striking that one of the main recommendations made was to use the term “kidney” instead of the term “renal” for general descriptions of kidney function and kidney disease, as it was stated that (in an English-language context) the noun “kidney” is more familiar than the adjective “renal”.3

Curiously, this decision did not appear to extend to a change in nomenclature for anatomical structures (e.g. “renal artery”) or historically established names (e.g. the United Kingdom’s “Renal Association”) (which seems to be reasonable). In another logical decision, the Greek prefix “nephro- “(Spanish “nefro-”) was retained for syndromes, kidney diseases and kidney functions (nephritic, nephrotic, nephropathy, nephrology and so on)3, since revising these terms would seem excessive and might even lead to a change in the name of the International Society of Nephrology (ISN) itself. Hence, a group of 10 nephrologists from nine different countries, not all Spanish-speaking, recently brought to the attention of the ISN5 the need for different nephrology associations (ideally, both national and supranational) to make efforts similar to the KDIGO efforts to unify nomenclature, especially acronyms, in each language and related publications.

This is not a matter of humbly acknowledging that English is the richest and universally known language, since at present it is the lingua franca of politics, business, finance, technology, public demonstrations and even science, stretching even beyond terra firma. Rather, it is a matter of defending absolutely correct and precise non-English terminology based on the second most common source of English words, following native derivatives.6 In addition, Spanish still is the second most common native language in the world (with 460 million native speakers), after Mandarin Chinese (with 917 million native speakers). By contrast, English is spoken as a native language by around 380 million people.7

Setting aside common misconceptions (e.g. the very definition of chronic kidney disease and/or failure),8 the appearance of new kidney terminology primarily originating from the English language (e.g. AKI [acute kidney injury]) and/or the need for current literature searches to be as broad and inclusive as possible (e.g. for meta-analyses or simply to unify keyword use in articles and/or registries and/or meta-tags in search engines) would call for implementing this same initiative in Spanish for nephrology, beyond prior general attempts.9 This broad alignment of nephrologists from highly diverse Spanish-speaking countries reflects existing concerns and may be not only a source of debate but also the germ (genesis) of a broad, open basis for discussion among Spanish-speaking nephrologists.

Finally, we find it important to note that this is not just about defending “renal” as the natural adjective in Spanish for “riñon” [kidney] in a scientific context or pointing out that Latin was the language of science up to the 18th century. It is, above all, about clinicians not losing sight of the fact that, in medicine today, individualization plays a central role in shared decision-making.10 Therefore, especially in nephrology where the degree of evidence generally corresponds to “suggestions” rather than “recommendations”, what is truly essential is the use of simple, adapted explanations to patients —whether that disease is “renal” or “del riñón” (of the kidney), and whether physicians devoted to the kidney are “nefrólogos” (“nephrologists”) or “riñón-ólogos” (“kidneylogists”)—, using plain, understandable words, whatever their etymological origen IS.3,8

Funding

No funding.

Conflicts of interest

The authors have no conflicts of interest in relation to this topic.

References
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Actualización del documento de consenso para la detección y manejo de la enfermedad renal crónica.
Nefrología, (2020),
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Kidney Int, 97 (2020), pp. 1117-1129
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Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes: Consensus conference and nomenclature for kidney function & disease. Available from: https://kdigo.org/conferences/nomenclature. [Accessed 23 October 2020].
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J. Bover, M.L. Haarhaus, M. Furlano, P. Ureña, M. Vervloet, I. DaSilva, et al.
English-Latin nomenclature conundrum: should we use kidneylogy, kidneylogist?.
Kidney Int, 98 (2020), pp. 1352-1353
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Grow your vocabulary by learning the roots of English words. Part IV. How English words are created: a short course.
Random House, (2021), pp. 159-172
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Lane J. The 10 most spoken languages in the world. Available from: https://www.babbel.com/en/magazine/the-10-most-spoken-languages-in-the-world. [Accessed 23 October 2020].
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V. Perez-Gomez, L.A. Bartsch, E. Castillo-Rodriguez, R. Fernandez-Prado, B. Fernandez-Fernandez, C. Martin-Cleary, et al.
Clarifying the concept of chronic kidney disease for non-nephrologists.
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Manual de estilo para la redacción de textos científicos y profesionales.
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J. Bover, P. Ureña-Torres, S. Mateu, I. DaSilva, S. Gràcia, M. Sánchez-Baya, et al.
Evidence in chronic kidney disease–mineral and bone disorder guidelines: is it time to treat or time to wait?.
Clin Kidney J, 13 (2020), pp. 513-521

Please cite this article as: Bover J, Bosch R, Ureña P, Trinidad P, Jara A, Górriz JL, et al. Los riñones también hablan español. Nefrologia. 2020. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nefro.2020.11.002

Authors and current coordinator (R. García-Maset) of the consensus document of the Spanish Society of Nephrology on “Diagnosis and treatment of CKD” with nine other Spanish medical societies.1,2

Copyright © 2020. Sociedad Española de Nefrología
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